In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful
Assalaamualaikum wa rahmatuallahi wa barakatahu
The hadith about chess.
Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 3677 Narrated byAbdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade wine (khamr), game of chance (maysir), drum (kubah), and wine made from millet (ghubayrah), saying: Every intoxicant is forbidden.
Sahih Muslim HadithHadith 5612 Narrated byBuraydah ibn al-Hasib
Allah's Apostle (peace be upon him) said: He who played chess is like one who dyed his hand with the flesh and blood of swine.
Games of Dice
Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Abdullah ibn Umar that when he found one of his family playing dice he beat him and destroyed the dice. Yahya said that he heard Malik say, "There is no good in chess, and he disapproved of it." Yahya said, "I heard him disapprove of playing it and other worthless games. He recited this ayat, 'What is there after the truth except going the wrong way.' " (Sura l0 ayat 32).
*The actual word in arabic is dice instead of chess.& chess was also played by dice as well as without dice.
The game started with the four armies in each of the four corners, in a double row, like Chess, the four main pieces behind the four pawns. Other than the fact that it was a game for four players, the other main difference was the use of dice to decide which piece moved each turn.
Those who believe that this is the earliest clear ancestor of Chess say that under Hindu law, gambling became forbidden early on in the Hindu civilisation and, to avoid the gambling laws, Shaturanga players dispensed with the dice. Other changes happened at the same time - the merging of the
allied armies into a single army making the game a two player form and duplicating the pieces, both developments which have survived until today.
The other main changes between Chaturanga and the 2 player form of Chess,Shatranj, are the two Rajahs were demoted to Prime Ministers in the change to the two player form and their movement reduced making them much weaker while the moves of the Elephant and the Ship were swapped around.
The first reference to Shatranj occurs in a Persian book written around 600 AD which says that a Hind ambassador came to Persia from India during the reign of Naushirawan (Chosroes I, 531 - 579 AD) and presented the game to him as one of several gifts with a challenge to learn its secrets. By 650
AD, the game had reached the Arab kingdoms and had also reached the Byzantine Court by virtue of the fact that the grandson of Chosroes I married the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Maurice. Its also reached Greece, Mecca and Medina around the same time.
so finally,chess was played by dice & also without dice.
* chess is a game of conspiracy,where falsehood of killing and trapping is involved.But in reality nothing of such is happening.
Allah knows best.