In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful
Assalaamu alaykum wa rahmatuallahi wa barakatahu
Salat[Prayer] In Hadith
O ye who believe! when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; Rub your heads (with water); and (wash) your feet to the ankles. If ye are in a state of ceremonial impurity, bathe your whole body. But if ye are ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from offices of nature, or ye have been in contact with women, and ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and rub therewith your faces and hands, Allah doth not wish to place you in a difficulty, but to make you clean, and to complete his favour to you, that ye may be grateful. [5:6]
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 3.155 Narrated byHumran
I saw 'Uthman performing ablution; he washed his hands thrice, rinsed his mouth and then washed his nose, by putting water in it and then blowing it out, and washed his face thrice, and then washed his right forearm up to the elbow thrice, and then the left-forearm up to the elbow thrice, then smeared his head with water, washed his right foot thrice, and then his left foot thrice and said, "I saw Allah's Apostle performing ablution similar to my present ablution, and then he said, 'Whoever performs ablution like my present ablution and then offers two Rakat in which he does not think of worldly things, all his previous sins will be forgiven.' "
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.165 Narrated byHumran
(the freed slave of 'Uthman bin 'Affan) I saw 'Uthman bin 'Affan asking (for a tumbler of water) to perform ablution (and when it was brought) he poured water from it over his hands and washed them thrice and then put his right hand in the water container and rinsed his mouth and washed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out. Then he washed his face thrice and (then) forearms up to the elbows thrice, then passed his wet hands over his head and then washed each foot thrice. After that 'Uthman said, "I saw the Prophet performing ablution like this of mine, and he said, 'If anyone performs ablution like that of mine and offers a two-rak'at prayer during which he does not think of anything else (not related to the present prayer) then his past sins will be forgiven.' "
Sahih Muslim HadithHadith 700 Narrated byJabir ibn Samurah
A man asked the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) whether he should perform ablution after (eating) mutton. He(the Messenger of Allah) said: Perform ablution if you so desire, and if you do not wish, do not perform it. He (again) asked: Should I perform ablution (after eating) camel's flesh? He said: Yes, perform ablution (after eating) camel's flesh. He (again) said: May I say prayer in the sheepfolds? He (the Messenger of Allah ) said: Yes. He (the narrator) again said: May I say prayer where camels lie down? He (the Prophet) said: No.
Sahih Muslim HadithHadith 474 Narrated byUmar ibn al-Khattab
A person performed ablution and left small part equal to the space of a nail (unwashed). The Apostle (peace be upon him) saw that and said: Go back and perform ablution well. He then went back (performed ablution well) and offered the prayer.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.191 Narrated byAmr bin Yahya
My father said, "I saw Amr bin Abi Hasan asking 'Abdullah bin Zaid about the ablution of the Prophet. 'Abdullah bin Zaid asked for an earthenware pot containing water and performed ablution in front of them. He poured water over his hands and washed them thrice. Then he put his (right) hand in the pot and rinsed his mouth and washed his nose by putting water in it and then blowing it out thrice with three handfuls of water. Again he put his hand in the water and washed his face thrice. After that he put his hand in the pot and washed his forearms up to the elbows twice and then again put his hand in the water and passed wet hands over his head by bringing them to the front and then to the back and once more he put his hand in the pot and washed his feet (up to the ankles.)"
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 7.316 Narrated byIbn Abbas
The Prophet ate of the meat of a shoulder (by cutting the meat with his teeth), and then got up and offered the prayer without performing the ablution anew. Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet took out a bone with meat on it from a cooking pot and ate of it, and then offered the prayer without performing ablution anew.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.57 Narrated byAbdullah bin Amr
Once the Prophet remained behind us in a journey. He joined us while we were performing ablution for the prayer which was over-due. We were just passing wet hands over our feet (and not washing them properly) so the Prophet addressed us in a loud voice and said twice or thrice: "Save your heels from the fire."
Establish regular prayers - at the sun's decline till the darkness of the night, and the morning prayer and reading: for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony.[17:78]
And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of the night: For those things, that are good remove those that are evil: Be that the word of remembrance to those who remember (their Lord):[11:114]
Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers, especially the Middle Prayer; and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind).[2:238]
And they have been commanded no more than this: To worship Allah, offering Him sincere devotion, being true (in faith); to establish regular prayer; and to practise regular charity; and that is the Religion Right and traight.[98:5]
And when it is said to them, "Prostrate yourselves!" they do not so. [77:48]
Your (real) friends are (no less than) Allah, His Messenger, and the (fellowship of) believers,- those who establish regular prayers and regular charity, and they bow down humbly (in worship). [5:55]
And be steadfast in prayer; practise regular charity; and bow down your heads with those who bow down (in worship). [2:43]
Those that turn (to Allah. in repentance; that serve Him, and praise Him; that wander in devotion to the cause of Allah,: that bow down and prostrate themselves in prayer; that enjoin good and forbid evil; and observe the limit set by Allah.- (These do rejoice). So proclaim the glad tidings to the Believers. [9:112]
O ye who believe! bow down, prostrate yourselves, and adore your Lord; and do good; that ye may prosper.[22:77]
But fall ye down in prostration to Allah, and adore (Him)! [53:62]
But celebrate the praises of thy Lord, and be of those who prostrate themselves in adoration. [15:98]
And during part of the night, (also,) celebrate His praises, and (so likewise) after the postures of adoration. [50:40]
Salat In Hadith:The Method
1. Necessity of saying Takbir Allah is greater.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.700 Narrated byAnas bin Malik
Allah's Apostle fell from a horse and got injured so he led the prayer sitting and we also prayed sitting. When he completed the prayer he said, "The Imam is to be followed; if he says Takbir then say Takbir, bow if he bows; raise your heads when he raises his head, when he says, 'Sami' a-l-lahu Liman hamida' say, 'Rabbana laka-l-hamd', and prostrate when he prostrates."
2. Raising both hands on first Takbir
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.702 Narrated bySalim bin Abdullah
My father said, "Allah's Apostle used to raise both his hands up to the level of his shoulders when opening the prayer; and on saying the Takbir for bowing. And on raising his head from bowing he used to do the same and then say 'Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida, Rabbana walaka-l-hamd.' And he did not do that (i.e. raising his hands) in prostrations."
3. Raising both hands on opening prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.703 Narrated byAbdullah bin Umar
I saw that whenever Allah's Apostle stood for the prayer, he used to raise both his hands up to the shoulders, and used to do the same on saying the Takbir for bowing and on raising his head from it and used to say, "Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida". But he did not do that (i.e. raising his hands) in prostrations.
4. To what level should hands be raised?
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.705 Narrated byAbdullah bin Umar
I saw Allah's Apostle opening the prayer with the Takbir and raising his hands to the level of his shoulders at the time of saying the Takbir, and on saying the Takbir for bowing he did the same; and when he said, "Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida ", he did the same and then said, "Rabbana wa laka-l-hamd." But he did not do the same on prostrating and on lifting the head from it.
5. Raising hands on standing for third Rak'a
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.706 Narrated byNafi
Whenever Ibn 'Umar started the prayer with Takbir, he used to raise his hands: whenever he bowed, he used to raise his hands (before bowing) and also used to raise his hands on saying, "Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida", and he used to do the same on rising from the second Rak'a (for the 3rd Rak'a). Ibn 'Umar said: "The Prophet used to do the same."
6. Placing right hand on left
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.707 Narrated bySahl bin Sad
The people were ordered to place the right hand on the left forearm in the prayer. Abu Hazim said, "I knew that the order was from the Prophet ."[Note:shoulder should touch other shoulder-Hands should be placed on stomach.]
7. Submissiveness in prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.709 Narrated byAnas bin Malik
The Prophet said, "Perform the bowing and the prostrations properly. By Allah, I see you from behind me (or from behind my back) when you bow or prostrate."
8. What to say after Takbir
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.710 Narrated byAnas bin Malik
The Prophet, Abu Bakr and 'Umar used to start the prayer with "Al-hamdu lil-lahi Rabbil-'ala-min (All praises are for Allah the Lord of the Worlds)."
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.711 Narrated byAbu Huraira
Allah's Apostle used to keep silent between the Takbir and the recitation of Qur'an and that interval of silence used to be a short one. I said to the Prophet "May my parents be sacrificed for you! What do you say in the pause between Takbir and recitation?" The Prophet said, "I say, 'Allahumma, ba'id baini wa baina khatayaya kama ba'adta baina-l-mashriqi wa-l-maghrib. Allahumma, naqqim min khatayaya kama yunaqqa-ththawbu-l-abyadu mina-ddanas. Allahumma, ighsil khatayaya bil-ma'i wa-th-thalji wal-barad (O Allah! Set me apart from my sins (faults) as the East and West are set apart from each other and clean me from sins as a white garment is cleaned of dirt (after thorough washing). O Allah! Wash off my sins with water, snow and hail.)"
9. Looking at the Imam while praying
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.713 Narrated byAbu Mamar
We asked Khabbab whether Allah's Apostle used to recite (the Qur'an) in the Zuhr and the 'Asr prayers. He replied in the affirmative. We said, "How did you come to know about it?" He said, "By the movement of his beard."
10.Looking towards the sky while praying
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.717 Narrated byAnas bin Malik
The Prophet said, "What is wrong with those people who look towards the sky during the prayer?" His talk grew stern while delivering this speech and he said, "They should stop (looking towards the sky during the prayer); otherwise their eyesight would be taken away."
11.Looking hither and thither while praying
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.718 Narrated byAisha
I asked Allah's Apostle about looking hither and thither in prayer. He replied, "It is a way of stealing by which Satan takes away (a portion) from the prayer of a person."
12.Looking around while praying
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.720 Narrated byIbn Umar
The Prophet saw expectoration in the direction of the Qibla of the mosque while he was leading the prayer, and scratched it off. After finishing the prayer, he said, "Whenever any of you is in prayer he should know that Allah is in front of him. So none should spit in front of him in the prayer."
13.Recitation of Surat-al-Fatiha is compulsory
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.726 Narrated byAbdullah bin Abi Qatada
My father said, "The Prophet in Zuhr prayers used to recite Al-Fatiha along with two other Suras in the first two Rakat: a long one in the first Rak'a and a shorter (Sura) in the second, and at times the verses were audible. In the 'Asr prayer the Prophet used to recite Al-Fatiha and two more Suras in the first two Rakat and used to prolong the first Rak'a. And he used to prolong the first Rak'a of the Fajr prayer and shorten the second."
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.723 Narrated byUbada bin As Sami
Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever does not recite Al-Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid."
14.Reciting aloud in Fajr prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.741 Narrated byIbn Abbas
The Prophet recited aloud in the prayers in which he was ordered to do so and quietly in the prayers in which he was ordered to do so. "And your Lord is not forgetful." "Verily there was a good example for you in the ways of the Prophet."
15.Recitation of Qur'an in Zuhr prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.725 Narrated byJabir bin Samura
Sa'd said, "I used to pray with them a prayer similar to that of Allah's Apostle (the prayer of Zuhr and 'Asr) reducing nothing from them. I used to prolong the first two Rakat and shorten the last two Rak'at." 'Umar said to Sa'd, "This was what we thought about you."
16.Recitation of Qur'an in 'Asr prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.728 Narrated byAbu Mamar
I asked Khabbab bin Al-Art whether the Prophet used to recite the Qur'an in the Zuhr and the 'Asr prayers. He replied in the affirmative. I said, "How did you come to know that?" He replied, "From the movement of his beard."
17.Recitation of Qur'an in Maghrib prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.730 Narrated byIbn Abbas
(My mother) Umu-l-Fadl heard me reciting "Wal Mursalati 'Urfan" (77) and said, "O my son! By Allah, your recitation made me remember that it was the last Sura I heard from Allah's Apostle. He recited it in the Maghrib prayer."
18.Reciting aloud in the Maghrib prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.732 Narrated byJubair bin Mutim
My father said, "I heard Allah's Apostle reciting "At-Tur" (52) in the Maghrib prayer."
19.Reciting aloud in the 'Isha' prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.734 Narrated byAl Bara
The Prophet was on a journey and recited in one of the first two Rakat of the 'Isha' prayer "Wat-tini waz-zaituni." (95)
20.Reciting only Al-Fatiha, in last two Rak'a
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.743 Narrated byAbdullah bin Abi Qatada
My father said, "The Prophet usedto recite Al-Fatiha followed by another Sura in the first two Rakat of the prayer and used to recite only Al-Fatiha in the last two Rakat of the Zuhr prayer. Sometimes a verse or so was audible and he used to prolong the first Rak'a more than the second and used to do the same in the 'Asr and Fajr prayers."
21.Imam saying: Amin aloud
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.747 Narrated byAbu Huraira
The Prophet said, "Say 'Amin' when the Imam says it and if the Amin of any one of you coincides with that of the angels then all his past sins will be forgiven." Ibn Shihab said, "Allah's Apostle used to say 'Amin.' "
22.To end the Takbir on bowing
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.751 Narrated byImran bin Husain
I offered the prayer with 'Ali in Basra and he made us remember the prayer which we used to pray with Allah's Apostle. 'Ali said Takbir on each rising and bowing.
23.To end the Takbir on prostrating
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.753 Narrated byMutarrif bin Abdullah
'Imran bin Husain and I offered the prayer behind Ali bin Abi Talib. When 'Ali prostrated, he said the Takbir, when he raised his head, he said the Takbir and when he got up for the third Rak'a he said the Takbir. On completion of the prayer Imran took my hand and said, "This (i.e. 'Ali) made me remember the prayer of Muhammad" Or he said, "He led us in a prayer like that of Muhammad."
24.Putting both hands on knees while bowing
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.756 Narrated byMusab bin Sad
I offered prayer beside my father and approximated both my hands and placed them in between the knees. My father told me not to do so and said, "We used to do the same but we were forbidden (by the Prophet) to do it and were ordered to place the hands on the knees."
25. Not performing bowing perfectly
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.757 Narrated byZaid bin Wahb
Hudhaifa saw a person who was not performing the bowing and prostration perfectly. He said to him, "You have not prayed and if you should die you would die on a religion other than that of Muhammad."
26. Keeping the back straight in bowing
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.758 Narrated byAl Bara
The bowing, the prostration the sitting in between the two prostrations and the standing after the bowing of the Prophet but not Qiyam (standing in the prayer) and Qu'ud (sitting in the prayer) used to be approximately equal (in duration).
27. Invocation in bowing
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.760 Narrated byAisha
The Prophet used to say in his bowing and prostrations, "Subhanaka-Allahumma Rabbana wa-bihamdika Allahumma-ighfirli. (I honor Allah from all what (unsuitable things) is ascribed to Him. O Allah Our Lord! And all the praises are for You. O Allah! Forgive me)."
28. On raising the heads from bowing
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.761 Narrated byAbu Huraira
When the Prophet said, "Sami' a-l-lahu Liman hamida," (Allah heard those who sent praises to Him), he would say, "Rabbana wa-laka-l-hamd." On bowing and raising his head from it the Prophet used to say Takbir. He also used to say Takbir on rising after the two prostrations.
29. Standing straight with calmness after bowing
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.766 Narrated byAl Bara
The bowing, the prostrations, the period of standing after bowing and the interval between the two prostrations of the Prophet used to be equal in duration .
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.767 Narrated byAiyub
Abu Qilaba said, "Malik bin Huwairith used to demonstrate to us the prayer of the Prophet at times other than that of the compulsory prayers. So (once) he stood up for prayer and performed a perfect Qiyam (standing and reciting from the Holy Qur'an) and then bowed and performed bowing perfectly; then he raised his head and stood straight for a while." Abu Qilaba added, "Malik bin Huwairith in that demonstration prayed like this Sheikh of ours, Abu Yazid." Abu, Yazid used to sit (for a while) on raising his head from the second prostration before getting up.
30.Position of prostration
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.771 Narrated byAbdullah bin Malik bin Buhaina
Whenever the Prophet used to offer prayer he used to keep arms away (from the body) so that the whiteness of his armpits was visible.
31.Toes in direction of Qibla
32. Prostrating on seven bones
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.773 Narrated byIbn Abbas
The Prophet was ordered (by Allah) to prostrate on seven parts and not to tuck up the clothes or hair (while praying). Those parts are: the forehead (along with the tip of nose), both hands, both knees, and (toes of) both feet.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.774 Narrated byIbn Abbas
The Prophet said, "We have been ordered to prostrates on seven bones and not to tuck up the clothes or hair."
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.775 Narrated byAl Bara bin Azib
(He was not a liar) We used to pray behind the Prophet and when he said, "Sami' a-l-lahu Liman hamida", none of us would bend his back (to go for prostration) till the Prophet had placed his forehead on the ground.
33 Prostrating on the nose
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.776 Narrated byIbn Abbas
The Prophet said, "I have been ordered to prostrate on seven bones i.e. on the forehead along with the tip of the nose and the Prophet pointed towards his nose, both hands, both knees and the toes of both feet and not to gather the clothes or the hair."
34 Prostrating in the mud
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.777 Narrated byAbu Salama
Once I went to Abu- Sa'id Al-Khudri and asked him, "Won't you come with us to the date-palm trees to have a talk?" So Abu Said went out and I asked him, "Tell me what you heard from the Prophet about the Night of Qadr." Abu Said replied, "Once Allah's Apostle performed Itikaf (seclusion) on the first ten days of the month of Ramadan and we did the same with him. Gabriel came to him and said, 'The night you are looking for is ahead of you.' So the Prophet performed the Itikaf in the middle (second) ten days of the month of Ramadan and we too performed Itikaf with him. Gabriel came to him and said, 'The night which you are looking for is ahead of you.' In the morning of the 20th of Ramadan the Prophet delivered a sermon saying, 'Whoever has performed Itikaf with me should continue it. I have been shown the Night of "Qadr", but have forgotten its date, but it is in the odd nights of the last ten nights. I saw in my dream that I was prostrating in mud and water.' In those days the roof of the mosque was made of branches of date-palm trees. At that time the sky was clear and no cloud was visible, but suddenly a cloud came and it rained. The Prophet led us in the prayer and I saw the traces of mud on the forehead and on the nose of Allah's Apostle. So it was the confirmation of that dream."
35 Wrapping clothes properly in prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.778 Narrated bySahl bin Sad
The people used to pray with the Prophet tying their Izars around their necks because of their small sizes and the women were directed that they should not raise their heads from the prostrations till the men had sat straight.
36 Tucking hair while praying
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.779 Narrated byIbn Abbas
The Prophet was ordered to prostrate on seven bony parts and not to tuck up his clothes or hair.
37 Tucking up one's garment in prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.780 Narrated byIbn Abbas
The Prophet said, "I have been ordered to prostrate on seven (bones) and not to tuck up the hair or garment."
38.Saying: "Subhan Allah" while prostrating
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.781 Narrated byAisha
The Prophet used to say frequently in his bowing and prostrations "Subhanaka-Allahumma Rabbana Wabihamdika, Allahumma Ighfir-li" (I honor Allah from all what (unsuitable things) is ascribed to Him, O Allah! Our Lord! All praises are for You. O Allah! Forgive me). In this way he was acting on what was explained to him in the Holy Qur'an.
39.Sitting between two prostrations
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.783 Narrated byAl Bara
The time taken by the Prophet in prostrations, bowing, and the sitting interval between the two prostrations was about the same.
40.Not putting forearms on ground while prostrating
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.785 Narrated byAnas bin Malik
The Prophet said, "Be straight in the prostrations and none of you should put his forearms on the ground (in the prostration) like a dog."
41.Sitting straight in Witr prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.786 Narrated byMalik bin Huwairith Al Laithi
I saw the Prophet praying and in the odd Rakat, he used to sit for a moment before getting up.
42.Supporting oneself while getting up from prostration
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.787 Narrated byAiyub
Abu Qilaba said, "Malik bin Huwairith came to us and led us in the prayer in this mosque of ours and said, 'I lead you in prayer but I do not want to offer the prayer but just to show you how Allah's Apostle performed his prayers." I asked Abu Qilaba, "How was the prayer of Malik bin Huwairith?" He replied, "Like the prayer of this Sheikh of ours-- i.e. 'Amr bin Salima." That Sheikh used to pronounce the Takbir perfectly and when he raised his head from the second prostration he would sit for a while and then support himself on the ground and get up.
43Saying Takbir on rising
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.788 Narrated bySaid bin Al Harith
Abu Said led us in the prayer and said the Takbir aloud on arising from the prostration, and on prostrating, on rising again, and on getting up from the second Rak'a. Abu Said said, "I saw the Prophet doing the same."
44.Legal way of sitting for Tashahhud
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.791 Narrated byMuhammad bin Amr bin Ata
I was sitting with some of the companions of Allah's Apostle and we were discussing about the way of praying of the Prophet. Abu Humaid As-Saidi said, "I remember the prayer of Allah's Apostle better than any one of you. I saw him raising both his hands up to the level of the shoulders on saying the Takbir; and on bowing he placed his hands on both knees and bent his back straight, then he stood up straight from bowing till all the vertebrae took their normal positions. In prostrations, he placed both his hands on the ground with the forearms away from the ground and away from his body, and his toes were facing the Qibla. On sitting in the second Rak'a he sat on his left foot and propped up the right one; and in the last Rak'a he pushed his left foot forward and kept the other foot propped up and sat over the buttocks."
45.Saying Tashahhud in first sitting
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.793 Narrated byAbdullah bin Malik bin Buhaina
Once Allah's Apostle led us in the Zuhr prayer and got up (after the prostrations of the second Rak'a) although he should have sat (for the Tashah-hud). So at the end of the prayer, he prostrated twice while sitting (prostrations of Sahu). (forgetfulness)
46.Saying Tashahhud in last Rak'a
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.794 Narrated byShaqiq bin Salama
'Abdullah said, "Whenever we prayed behind the Prophet we used to recite (in sitting) 'Peace be on Gabriel, Michael, peace be on so and so. Once Allah's Apostle looked back at us and said, 'Allah Himself is As-Salam (Peace), and if anyone of you prays then he should say, At-Tahiyatu lil-lahi wassalawatu wat-taiyibatu. As Salamu 'alalika aiyuha-n-Nabiyu wa rahmatu-l-lahi wa barakatuhu. As-Salam alaina wa ala ibadil-lah is-salihin. (All the compliments, prayers and good things are due to Allah: peace be on you, O Prophet and Allah's mercy and blessings be on you. Peace be on us and on the true pious slaves of Allah). (If you say that, it will be for all the slaves in the heaven and the earth). Ash-hadu an la-ilaha illa-l-lahu wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasuluhu. (I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and I also testify that Muhammad is His slave and His Apostle).' "
47.Invocation before the Taslim
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.796 Narrated byAbu Bakr As Siddiq
I asked Allah's Apostle to teach me an invocation so that I may invoke Allah with it in my prayer. He told me to say, "Allahumma inni zalumtu nafsi zulman kathiran, Wala yaghfirudhdhunuba illa anta faghfirli maghfiratan min 'Indika, war-hamni innaka antal-ghafururrahim (O Allah! I have done great injustice to myself and none except You forgives sins, so please forgive me and be Merciful to me as You are the Forgiver, the Merciful)."
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.795 Narrated byAisha
(the wife of the Prophet) Allah's Apostle used to invoke Allah in the prayer saying "Allahumma inni a'udhu bika min adhabil-qabri, wa a'udhu bika min fitnatil-masihid-dajjal, wa a'udhu bika min fitnatil-mahya wa fitnatil-mamati. Allahumma inni a'udhu bika minal-ma thami wal-maghrami. (O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave and from the afflictions of Masiah Ad-Dajjal and from the afflictions of life and death. O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the sins and from being in debt)." Somebody said to him, "Why do you so frequently seek refuge with Allah from being in debt?" The Prophet replied, "A person in debt tells lies whenever he speaks, and breaks promises whenever he makes (them)." 'Aisha also narrated: I heard Allah's Apostle in his prayer seeking refuge with Allah from the afflictions of Ad-Dajjal.
48.Taslim at the end of prayers
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.799 Narrated byUm Salama
Whenever Allah's Apostle finished his prayers with Taslim, the women would get up and he would stay on for a while in his place before getting up. Ibn Shihab said, "I think (and Allah knows better), that the purpose of his stay was that the women might leave before the men who had finished their prayer. "
49.Finishing prayer with Taslim along with Imam
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.800 Narrated byItban bin Malik
We prayed with the Prophet and used to finish our prayer with the Taslim along with him.
50.To depart by turning from the right and from left after prayer
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.811 Narrated byAbdullah
You should not give away a part of your prayer to Satan by thinking that it is necessary to depart (after finishing the prayer) from one's right side only; I have seen the Prophet often leave from the left side.
Allah knows best.