In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful
Assalaamualaikum wa rahmatuallahi wa barakatuhu
Q Will there be two Salats for Friday, Salat-ul-Eid as well as Salat-ul Jumuah, or only the Salat-ul-Eid will suffice?
A. There will be 2 salah for friday,Eid & jumah.Both will be prayed at
different timings. both are obligatory for residents and for non residents Jumah is optional.
Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 1065 Narrated byZayd ibn Arqam
Ilyas ibn AbuRamlah ash-Shami said: I witnessed Mu'awiyah ibn AbuSufyan asking Zayd ibn Arqam: Did you offer along with the Apostle of Allah (peace
be upon him) the Friday and 'Id prayers synchronised on the same day? He said: Yes. He asked: How did he do? He replied: He offered the 'Id prayer,
then granted concession to offer the Friday prayer, and said: If anyone wants to offer it, he may offer.
Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 1068 Narrated byAbuHurayrah
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Two festivals ('Id and Friday) have synchronised on this day. If anyone does not want to offer the Friday
prayer, the 'Id prayer is sufficient for him. But we shall offer the Friday prayer.
*Note:We shall offer it is stated by Prophet [pbuh] as the recidents pray Jumah
Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 1066 Narrated byAbdullah ibn Abbas
Ata' ibn AbuRabah said: Ibn az-Zubayr led us in the 'Id prayer on Friday early in the morning. When we went to offer the Friday, he did not come out
to us. So we prayed ourselves alone. At that time Ibn Abbas was present in at-Ta'if. When he came to us, we mentioned this (incident) to him. He said:
He followed the sunnah.
* Nite:They were in Taif.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 7.479 Narrated byAbu Ubai
Then I witnessed the 'Id with 'Uthman bin 'Affan, and that was on a Friday. He offered the prayer before the sermon, saying, "O people! Today you have
two 'Ida (festivals) together, so whoever of those who live at Al-'Awali (suburbs) would like to wait for the Jumua prayer, he may wait, and whoever
would like to return (home) is granted my permission to do so." Then I witnessed (the 'Ida) with 'Ali bin Abi Talib, and he too offered the 'Id
prayer before the sermon and then delivered the sermon before the people and said, "Allah's Apostle has forbidden you to eat the meat of your sacrifices
for more than three days."
Upon whom salatul Jumu'ah is obligatory
Salatul Jumu'ah is an obligation upon every free, adult, sane, RESIDENT Muslim who has the ability to attend the salah and does not have a valid
excuse to miss it. Salatul Jumu'ah, however, is not obligatory on the following:
1. Women and children. Concerning this category there is no difference of opinion.
2. The person who is ill and faces hardship if he goes to the mosque, or who fears that his illness will be increased by going to the mosque, or whose
recovery will be delayed. This also includes the person who is nursing a very ill person if, especiallay, the ill person cannot manage in the absence
of the nursing person.Tariq ibn Shihab reports that the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said: "Al-Jumu'ah is a duty upon every Muslim in the community, save four: a slave, or a woman, or a child, or a person who is ill." An-Nawawi says thatits chain is sahih according to the conditions set by al-Bukhari and Muslim. Ibn Hajr says that more than one person has graded it sahih.
3. For the traveler, even if he is staying at a certain place during the time of the beginning of salatul Jumu'ah, it is not obligatory. This is
based on the fact that the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam traveled and did not perform the salatul Jumu'ah but only prayed the zuhr and 'asr
together during the time of the zuhr prayers. The caliphs after him and others also acted in a similar manner.
4. One who is in debt and cannot repay his debt and therefore fears that he will be imprisoned, and one who fears that he will be harmed by an
oppressive ruler: Ibn 'Abbas reports that the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said: "Whoever hears the call to the salah and does not respond to
it [ i.e.,by coming to the salah], there will be no prayer for him unless he has an excuse." The people inquired: "O Messenger of Allah, what is a
[valid] excuse?" He answered: "Fear or illness." This is related by Abu Dawud with a sahih chain.
5. Environmental restraints like rain, mud, extreme cold, and so on. Ibn 'Abbas said to the mu'adhdhin on a rainy day: "When you say 'I testify that
Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah,' do not say 'Come to the prayer,' but say 'Pray in your houses."' The people objected to that and he told them:
"One better than me did so [the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam].
Al-Jumu'ah is an obligation but I dislike that you should go out walking in the mud and slush." Abi Malih reports that his father had witnessed the day
of Jumu'ah with the Prophet and it was raining and the people were troubled by their shoes so he ordered them to pray in their stopping places. This is
related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah. All of these people are not obliged to pray the Friday salah although they
are obliged to pray the zuhr. Should one of them pray salatul Jumu'ah, it will still be valid for him or her and he will no longer be obliged to pray
the zuhr. And the women during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam, attended the mosque and used to pray al-Jumu'ah with him.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.145
Salatul Jumu'ah and Salatul 'Id occurring on the same day
If the day of 'Id occurs on Jumu'ah, then salatul Jumu'ah is no longer an obligation upon those who performed the salatul 'Id.
Zaid ibn Arqam says: "The Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam prayed the salatul 'id and then he gave an exemption concerning the Jumu'ah, saying:
'Whoever wishes to pray it may pray it.'" This is related by the five and al-Hakim. Ibn Khuzaimah calls it sahih.
Abu Hurairah reports that the prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said: "Two festivals have occurred together on this day of yours. For whosoever
desires, this will suffice for his salatul Jumu'ah, but we are going to perform salatul Jumu'ah." This is related by Abu Dawud.
It is preferred for the imam to perform the Jumu'ah so anyone who wishes to perform it may do so as well as those who were not able to attend the 'id
prayer. The Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam said: "We are going to perform the salatul Jumu'ah."
Friday prayer is mentioned in Quran-
62:9 O ye who believe! when the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (the Day of Assembly) hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allah and leave off
business (and traffic): that is best for you if ye but knew!
Id prayer is mentioned in Quran in terms of magnifying & thanking Allah subhanawatala..:
2:185 Pickthall: The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the Criterion
(of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, (let him fast the same)
number of other days. Allah desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you; and (He desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye
should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may bethankful.
.................and that ye should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye may be thankful.
In eid prayer we obviously thank Allah subhanawatala.He guided us by teaching of Prophet pbuh.
Allah knows best.