Hijab With Niqab In Quran & Hadith

In the name of Allah most gracious most merciful,
Assalaamualaikum wa rahmatuallahi wa barakatahu,


What does Hijab really mean?
"The root word of hijab is hajaba and that means: (hajb) to veil, cover,screen, shelter, seclude (from), to hide, obscure (from sight), to make
imperceptible, invisible, to conceal, to make or form a separation (a woman), to disguise, masked, to conceal, hide, to flee from sight, veil, to
veil, conceal, to cover up, become hidden, to be obscured, to vanish, to become invisible, disappear from sight, to veil, to conceal, to withdraw, to
elude perception.
Hajb: seclusion, screening off, keeping away, keeping off,
Hijab plural: hujub: cover, wrap, drape, a curtain, a woman's veil, screen,
partition, folding screen, barrier,
Ihtijab: Concealment, hiddenness, seclusion, veildness, veiling, purdah.
Hijab: Concealing, screening, protecting,
Mahjub: concealed hidden, veiled!
These definitions of the hijab were taken from the: Arabic-English
Dictionary, The Hans Wehr dictionary of modern written arabic, edited by JM

What is the defintion of the word "jilbab" in Arabic?
The definitive dictionary of classical Arabic, Lisan al-Arab by ibn al-Mandhur, provides the following definition, "The jilbab is the
outergarment, mantle, or cloak. It is derived from the word tajalbaba, which means to clothe. Jilbab is the outer sheet or covering which a woman wraps
around her on top of her garments to cover herself from head to toe. It hides her body completely" (Lisan al-Arab, volume 7, page 273)

Jilbabs- light overcoats covering whole body.
Jalabeeb (plural of Jalbaab), a loose outer garment that covers all a woman's body. Covers head, face,one or both eyes, to be known that she is a
free woman and so not to exposed to any harm.

Khimaar-Khimaar comes from the word khamr, the root meaning of which is to cover.Everything that covers something else is called its khimaar.The word
khimaar linguistically means only a head covering. Plural-khumaar.

Niqab-Covering Face.[To obscure, or conceal with or as if with a veil]

The Revelation of the Hijab verses:In the beginning it was only for wives[ummul mumineen-mother of believers].

Hadith - Bukhari 1:148
The wives of the Prophet used to go to Al-Manasi, a vast open place (near Baqia at Medina) to answer the call of nature at night. 'Umar used to say to
the Prophet "Let your wives be veiled," but Allah's Apostle did not do so. One night Sauda bint Zam'a the wife of the Prophet went out at 'Isha' time
and she was a tall lady. 'Umar addressed her and said, "I have recognized you, O Sauda." He said so, as he desired eagerly that the verses of Al-Hijab
(the observing of veils by the Muslim women) may be revealed. So Allah revealed the verses of "Al-Hijab" (A complete body cover excluding the

Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 7, Book 65, Hadith # 375
Narrated Anas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) I know (about) the Hijab (the order of veiling of women) more than anybody else. Ubai bin Ka'b used to ask me about
it. Allaah's Apostle became the bridegroom of Zainab bint Jahsh whom he married at Medina. After the sun had risen high in the sky, the Prophet
invited the people to a meal. Rasulullaah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) remained sitting and some people remained sitting with him after the other
guests had left. Then Rasulullaah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) got up and went away, and I too, followed him till he reached the door of 'Aa'ishah's
room. Then he thought that the people must have left the place by then, so he returned and I also returned with him. Behold, the people were still
sitting at their places. So he went back again for the second time, and I went along with him too. When we reached the door of 'Aa'ishah's room, he
returned and I also returned with him to see that the people had left. Thereupon Rasulullaah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) hung a curtain between
me and him and the Verse regarding the order for (veiling of women) Hijab was revealed.

33:53 O ye who Believe! enter not the Prophet's houses until leave is given you for a meal (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation: but
when ye are invited enter; and when ye have taken your meal disperse without seeking familiar talk. Such (behavior) annoys the Prophet: He is ashamed to
dismiss you but Allah is not ashamed (to tell you) the truth. And when ye ask (his ladies) for anything ye want ask them from before a* screen*: that
makes for greater purity for your hearts and for theirs. Nor is it right for you that ye should annoy Allah's Apostle or that ye should marry his
widows after him at any time. Truly such a thing is in Allah's sight an enormity.

Transliteration Ya_ ay yuhal lazina a_manu_ la_ tadhulu_ buyu_tan nabiy yi il la_ ay yuzana lakum ila_ taa_min gaira na_zirina ina_hu wa la_kin iza_
duitum fadhulu_ fa iza_ taimtum fantasiru_ wa la_ mustanisina lihadis in na za_likum ka_na yuzin nabiy ya fayastahyi minkum wal la_hu la_ yastahyi minal
haq wa iza_ sa al tumu_hun na mata_ an fas alu_hun na miw wara_ I* hija_b*za_likum atharu liqulu_bikum wa qulu_bihin wa ma_ ka_na lakum an tuzu_
rasu_lal la_hi wala_ an tankihu_ azwa_jahu_ min badihi abadan in na za_likumka_na indal la_hi azima_

Later Hijab[complete body covering with the exclsuion of eyes wasrevealed:For all Women].

33:59 O prophet! tell thy wives and daughters and the believing women that they should cast their outer garments [Jalabeeb]over their persons (when
abroad): that is most convenient that they should be known (as such) and not molested: and Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

* Jalabeeb (plural of Jalbaab), a loose outer garment that covers all a woman's body. Covers head, face,one or both eyes, to be known that she is a
free woman and so not to exposed to any harm.

What is the defintion of the word "jilbab" in Arabic?
The definitive dictionary of classical Arabic, Lisan al-Arab by ibn al-Mandhur, provides the following definition, "The jilbab is the
outergarment, mantle, or cloak. It is derived from the word tajalbaba, which means to clothe. Jilbab is the outer sheet or covering which a woman wraps
around her ON TOP OF HER GARMENTS to cover herself from head to toe. It hides her body completely" (Lisan al-Arab, volume 7, page 273)

Further another verse was revealed about veiling which explained wearing of khimar in the right way.

Surah 24:An-Nur, Verse 30 Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for
them: and Allah is well acquainted with all that they do.

And Surah 24:An-Nur, Verse31 And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their
beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily-Eye,bangles,bracelets etc) appear thereof; that they should draw their *veils *over their *bosoms* and
not display their beauty except to their husbands their fathers their husbands' fathers their sons their husbands' sons their brothers or their
brothers' sons or their sisters' sons or their women or the slaves whom their right hands possess or male servants free of physical needs or small
children who have no sense of the shame of sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And
O ye Believers! turn ye all together towards Allah that ye may attain Bliss.

Now taking selective part of the verse which is needed for explanation:
And Say to the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual
acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (Eyes,bangles,bracelets etc), and to draw their *veils* all over Juyubihinna
(bosoms) .....................

The Arabic text is, "Wa qul li al-muminat yaghdudna min absarihinna wa yahfazna furujahunna wa laa yubdina zenatahunna illa maa zahara min haa
wal-yadribna bi *khumurihinna* alaa "*juyub hinna*".

This is translated as, "And say to the faithful women to lower their gazes, and to guard their private parts, and not to display their adornment except
what is apparent of it, and to extend[draw] their khumur to cover their juyub". First, the word "khumur"plural of khimar[It is a piece of cloth
which is used by a woman to cover her head].

In this verse Allah subhanawatala mentions khimaar for the first time,before this verse when surah Ahzab's verse was revealed with hijab
commandment,Jalabeeb[jilbab] is the word mentioned.Jalabeeb (plural of Jalbaab), a loose outer garment that covers all a woman's body.

Though Jalabeeb fulfills the criteria of veiling yet in surah Nur [24] further clarification is explained.
Because women wore long outer garment[jalabeeb] along with khimaar[head scarf].Even though khimar was'nt mentioned in surah Ahzab's verse.Their
khimar didnt covered bosom so Allah commanded them to extend khimar to bosom,while doing so it has to be pulled from the head ,which will fall of
face,then neck then bosom.And jalabeb falls on rest of the body from sholders to feet.

Hence a complete covering including face[excluding eyes].Prophets wives were commanded first to cover completely,they always used khimar till the end of
their lives,and it always covered their faces along with bodies.

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 1829 Narrated byAisha, Ummul Mu'minin
Riders would pass us when we accompanied the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) while we were in the sacred state (wearing ihram). When they came by
us, one of us would let down her outer garment[Jilbab] from her head over her face, and when they had passed on, we would uncover our faces.

*Note:While one cannot deny the support of Hadith that indicate that the Prophet's wives wore khimar, one must realize that they also covered their
faces at all times in the presence of non-mahram men. Here in the state of Ihram they cover temporarily with Jilbab,in normal circumstanes they used
khimaar to cover faces,neck,bosom as taught in suran nur 24 verse 31.This is a proof that believeing women also followed suit.

Another clarification:The word "juyub". This is the plural of the word "jayb", which means "bosom". The word is used in Arabic to refer to the
breastpocket of a shirt.

For cross reference see Surah al-Qasas ayah 32 describes Moses as putting his hand in his "jayb", and this means his breast, not his "body, face, neck
and bosom" so "juyub" cannot be translated as

Hadith about Jilbab[murut]
There are a few more hadiths . These hadiths use the Arabic word "murut". This is the plural of mirt. In classical Arabic, the word mirt refers to a
sheet (usually made out of wool) that is wrapped around the body and held closed in front. Clearly, the mirt is a type of outergarment. The mirt is
thus a type of jilbab. Thus the hadiths about the sahabiyat (rAa) wearing murut can be cited in support of the wearing of outergarments (jilbabs). The
hadiths about the mirt are as follows:

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 4090 Narrated byUmm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin
When the verse "That they should cast their outer garments over their persons" was revealed, the women of Ansar came out as if they had crows over
their heads by wearing outer garments.*Note:they covered themselves from the head to toes]

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 4104 Narrated byDihyah ibn Khalifah al-Kalbi
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) was brought some pieces of fine Egyptian linen and he gave me one and said: Divide it into two; cut one of
the pieces into a shirt and give the other to your wife for veil. Then when he turned away, he said: And order your wife to wear a garment below it and
not show her figure.

Sahih Bukhari Book 10 #552. Narrated Aisha:
The faithful women wrapped in their sheets [murut] used to attend the fajr prayer with Allah's Messenger,
and after finishing the prayer they would return to their homes and nobody could recognize them because of the darkness.

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 2126 Narrated byBasrah
A man from the Ansar called Basrah said: I married a virgin woman in her veil. When I entered upon her, I found her pregnant. (I mentioned this to
the Prophet). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: She will get the dower, for you made her vagina lawful for you. The child will be your slave. When
she has begotten (a child), flog her (according to the version of al-Hasan). The version of Ibn AbusSari has: You people, flog her, or said: inflict hard
punishment on him.

Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 7.684 Narrated byAisha
(the wife of the Prophet)
The wife of Rifa'a Al-Qurazi came to Allah's Apostle while I was sitting, and Abu Bakr was also there. She said, "O Allah's Apostle! I was the wife of
Rifa'a and he divorced me irrevocably. Then I married Abdur-Rahman bin Az-Zubair who, by Allah, O Allah's Apostle, has only something like a fringe
of a garment,"showing the fringe of her veil. Khalid bin Sa'id, who was standing at the door, for he had not been admitted, heard her statement and
said, "O Abu Bakr! Why do you not stop this lady from saying such things openly before Allah's Apostle?" No, by Allah, Allah's Apostle did nothing
but smiled. Then he said to the lady, "Perhaps you want to return to Rifa'a? That is impossible unless Abdur-Rahman consummates his marriage with you."
That became the tradition after him.
*The veil is murut[Jilbab]

Al-Muwatta Hadith
Hadith 20.16
Veiling the Face while in Ihram
Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that Fatima bint
al-Mundhir said, "We used to veil our faces when we were in ihram in the
company of Asma bint Abi Bakr as-Siddiq."
*Note:Its recommended when men passby.

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 4095 Narrated byAisha, Ummul Mu'minin
A mukhannath (eunuch) used to enter upon the wives of Prophet (peace be upon him). They (the people) counted him among those who were free of physical
needs. One day the Prophet (peace be upon him) entered upon us when he was with one of his wives, and was describing the qualities of a woman, saying:
When she comes forward, she comes forward with four (folds in her stomach), and when she goes backward, she goes backward with eight (folds in her
stomach). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Do I not see that this (man) knows what here lies. Then they (the wives) observed veil[Jilbab] from him.

Women past child-bearing can remove outer garment.Provided adornment[jewellery,decoration etc is not seen].

24:60 And as for women past child-bearing who do not expect wedlock, it is
no sin on them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not
to show their adornment. But to refrain (i.e . not to discard their outer
clothing) is better for them. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
[*Note:they'll have to wear khimaar.But wearing jilbab is much better.]

Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said that someone should lend her a veil[jilbab]

Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 1, Book 8, Hadith # 347
Narrated Um 'Atiya (Radhiallaahu Ánha) We were ordered (by Rasulullah '(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) to bring out our menstruating women and
veiled women in the religious gatherings and invocation of Muslims on the two 'Eid festivals. These menstruating women were to keep away from their
Musalla. A woman asked, "O Allah's Apostle ' What about one who does not have a veil (the veil is the complete cover with only one eye or two eyes
showing)?" He said, "Let her share the veil[jilbab] of her companion."

Woman was behind the curtain :
Abu Dawood Book 33, Hadith # 4154, Agreed upon by Nasai
Aisha(Radhiallaahu Ánha) narrates that on one occasion a female Muslim wanted to give a letter to the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam),
the letter was delivered to the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) from behind a curtain.

Women covered face[wore niqab] so prophet pbuh instructed them not to cover in the state of Ihram.

Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 3.64 Narrated byAbdullah bin Umar
A person stood up and asked, "O Allah's: Apostle! What clothes may be worn in the state of Ihram?" The Prophet replied, "Do not wear a shirt or
trousers, or any headgear (e.g. a turban), or a hooded cloak; but if somebody has no shoes he can wear leather stockings provided they are cut
short off the ankles, and also, do not wear anything perfumed with wars or saffron, and the Muhrima (a woman in the state of Ihram) should not cover
her face, or wear gloves."

Bukhari Book 74 #247. Narrated Abdullah bin Abbas: Al-Fadl bin Abbas rode
behind the Prophet as his companion rider on the back portion of his she-camel on the Day of Nahr [on the Farewell Hajj], and Al-Fadl was a
handsome man. The Prophet stopped to give people verdicts. In the meantime, a beautiful woman from the tribe of Khath'am came, asking the verdict of
Allah's Apostle. Al-Fadl started looking at her as her beauty attracted him. The Prophet looked back while Al-Fadl was looking at her; so the Prophet
held out his hand backwards and caught the chin of Al-Fadl and turned his face to the other side in order that he should not gaze at her. She said, "O
Allah's Apostle! The obligation of performing hajj enjoined by Allah on His worshipers has become due (compulsory) on my father, who is an old man and
who cannot sit firmly on the riding animal. Will it be sufficient that I perform hajj on his behalf?". He said, "Yes".*Note:During the state of Ihram
a woman is not expected to cover her face,that is what prophet commanded.

Al-Muwatta Hadith
Hadith 20.15
Veiling the Face while in Ihram
Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar used to say that a woman in ihram should wear neither a veil nor gloves.*Note:This
proves women used to wear gloves as well.

Niqab (Veil)-Affixed veil.
Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 1829 Narrated byAisha, Ummul Mu'minin
Riders would pass us when we accompanied the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) while we were in the sacred state (wearing ihram). When they came by
us, one of us would let down her outer garment[Jilbab] from her head over her face, and when they had passed on, we would uncover our faces.
*Note:in ihram niqab is not commanded,but it is recommended when men pass by.

Important point:While one cannot deny the support of Hadith that indicate that the Prophet's wives wore khimar, one must realize that they also
covered their faces at all times in the presence of non-mahram men. Here in the state of Ihram they cover temporarily with Jilbab,in normal circumstanes
they used khimaar to cover facesneck,bosom as taught in suran nur 24 verse 31.

Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Hadith 282
Narrated Safiya bint Shaiba (Radhiallaahu Ánha) "Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) used to say: "When (the Verse): "They should draw their veils over their
necks and bosoms," was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges and covered their faces with the cut pieces.

The Arabic text that the translator has rendered "covered their faces with the cut pieces" is "ikhtamarna bi ha" or "made khimars from it". The hadith
therefore means that the women tore their sheets and made khimars from the cut pieces. The word "faces" does not even appear in the Arabic. So far all
we know is that when Surah an-Nur ayah 31 commanded women to wear the khimar, they did so. This hadith does not indicate by itself what that
khimar is.

Sunan Abu Dawud Book 32 - 4091. Narrated Aisha: May Allah have mercy on the early emigrant women. When the verse "That they should extend their
headcoverings (khumur) to cover their bosoms" was revealed, they tore their murut and used this as khimar.

Niqab Is Modesty
Abu Dawood Book 14, Hadith # 2482
Narrated Thabit ibn Qays (Radhiallaahu Ánhu): A woman called Umm Khallad came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) while she was veiled. She
was searching for her son who had been killed (in the battle) Some of the Companions of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said to her: You
have come here asking for your son while veiling your face? She said: If I am afflicted with the loss of my son, I shall not suffer the loss of my
modesty. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said: You will get the reward of two martyrs for your son. She asked: Why is that so, oh Prophet of
Allah? He replied: Because the people of the Book have killed him.

*Note:companions asked as to why she is wearing niqab because atleast recognising her would help them to look for her son,for its easy to seach
after seeing the relative that asking for the name only.

Veling[Niqab] of Slave woman.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 5.524 Narrated byAnas
The Prophet stayed for three rights between Khaibar and Medina and was married to Safiya. I invited the Muslims to his marriage banquet and there
was neither meat nor bread in that banquet but the Prophet ordered Bilal to spread the leather mats on which dates, dried yogurt and butter were put.
The Muslims said amongst themselves, "Will she (i.e. Safiya) be one of the mothers of the believers, (i.e. one of the wives of the Prophet ) or just (a
lady captive) of what his right-hand possesses?" Some of them said, "If the Prophet makes her observe the veil, then she will be one of the mothers of
the believers (i.e. one of the Prophet's wives), and if he does not make her observe the veil, then she will be his lady slave." So when he departed, he
made a place for her behind him (on his camel) and made her observe the veil.[4:25 If any of you have not the means wherewith to wed free believing
women they may wed believing girls from among those whom your right hands possess: and Allah hath full knowledge about your faith. Ye are one from
another: wed them with the leave of their owners and give them their dowers according to what is reasonable: they should be chaste not lustful nor
taking paramours: when they are taken in wedlock if they fall into shame their punishment is half that for free women. This (permission) is for
those among you who fear sin; but it is better for you that ye practice self-restraint: and Allah is Oft-forgiving Most Merciful. ]

*note:[For slave girls there are concessions ,because a slave girl works for the master and covering face would become hardship for her,as she is
supposed to be in constant service,the capital punishments for salve girls is half of the free women,4:25]

For Example: Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 4094 Narrated byAnas ibn Malik
The Prophet (peace be upon him) brought Fatimah a slave which he donated to her. Fatimah wore a garment which, when she covered her head, did not reach
her feet, and when she covered her feet by it, that garment did not reach her head. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw her struggle, he said:
There is no harm to you: Here is only your father and slave.
*Though the slave was a male,she was allowed to relax.But for free men she
was supposed to veil completely[excluding eyes,bracelets etc.]

Women quickly screened themselves.
Bukhari Book 54 #515. Narrated Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas: Once Umar asked leave to see Allah's Apostle, in whose company there were some Qurayshi women, who
were talking to him and asking him for more financial support, raising their voices. When Umar asked permission to enter, the women quickly screened
themselves (fa badirna al-hijab). When Allah's Apostle admitted Umar, Allah's Apostle was smiling. Umar said, "O Allah's Apostle! May Allah keep
you happy always!". Allah's Apostle said, "I am astonished at these women here with me. As soon as they heard your voice, they quickly screened
themselves". Umar said, "O Allah's Apostle! You have more right to be feared by them". Then he addressed (the women) saying, "O enemies of yourselves! Do
you fear me and not Allah's Apostle?" They replied, "Yes, for you are a fearful and fierce man as compared to Allah's Apostle". On that Allah's
Apostle said (to Umar), "By Him in Whose hands my life is, when satan sees you taking a path, he takes a path other than yours".

*Note:Allah subhanawatala commands to lower gaze,so both Prophet pbuh and Qurayshi revert women were obeying the command of Allah subhanawatala,and
while doing so they may have removed niqab temporarily .But When Omer r.a came due to his strictness they wore Niqab and prophet did'nt forbade
them.So Omer r.a said they should have feared[in terms of religion] Prophet pbuh more.

During Prayer & khutba niqab is not allowed.
Muslim Book 4 #1926. Jabir ibn Abdullah reported: I observed prayer with the Messenger of Allah on the Eid day. He commenced with prayer before the
sermon, without adhan or iqama. He then stood up leaning on Bilal and he commanded (them) to be on guard (against evil for the sake of) Allah and he
exhorted (them) on obedience to Him, and he preached to the people and admonished them. He then walked on till he came to the women and preached to
them and admonished them and encouraged them to give alms, for most of them are the fuel for Hell. A woman having a dark spot on her cheek stood up and
said, "Why is it so, Messenger of Allah?". He said, "For you grumble often and show ingratitude to your spouses". And they began to give alms out of
their ornaments such as their earrings and rings, which they threw in the cloak of Bilal.

*Note:Jabir ibn Abdullah says the woman having a dark spot said etc,The reason of him seing her face is possible as she asked a questions during
khutba and at that time niqab is not worn,may be the sahaba turned because of her questioning].

Ibn Abbas said: A beautiful woman, from among the most beautiful of women, used to pray behind the Prophet. Some of the people used to go to pray in
the first row to ensure they would not be able to see her. Others would pray in the last row of the men, and they would look from underneath their
armpits to see her. Because of this act, in regard to her, Allah revealed, "Verily We know the eager among you to be first, and verily We know the
eager among you to be behind" (Surah al-Hijr ayah 24) -- this hadith is found in ibn Majah, Abu Dawud, Tayalisi, Baihaqi, Ahmad, Tirmidhi, and Nasai
and it is judged SAHIH by Albani. He includes it as #3472 in his Silsilat al-Ahadith as-Sahih

*Note:In prayer niqab is not allowed.

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 641 Narrated byAisha, Ummul Mu'minin
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allah does not accept the prayer of a woman who has reached puberty unless she wears a veil.[khimaar]

*Only Khimar is allowed in Prayer.Its excuding face .

Veil is a sigh of Honour.Niqab In paradise.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 8, Book 76, Hadith # 572
In the end of this very long hadith it quotes Anas (Radhiallaahu Ánho) rates from Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) "and if one of the women of
Paradise looked at the earth, she would fill the whole space between them (the earth and the heaven) with light, and would fill whatever is in between
them, with perfume, and the veil of her face is better than the whole world and whatever is in it." This show that even the women of Junnah have veils
and the word veil is what covers the face (niqaab).

All of a woman is ‘awrah
Tirmidhi with a SAHIH chain reports...
"Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said “All of a woman is ‘awrah.*Note:for non-mahram with few exceptions like eyes,hands,feet etc.& also in court cases]

The Ulamah[scholars] who are of the opinion that it is permissible to look at the face and hands of a strange woman (who is not mahrrum) say so mainly for the
following reasons.

Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 4092 Narrated byAisha, Ummul Mu'minin
Asma, daughter of AbuBakr, entered upon the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) wearing thin clothes. The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) turned
his attention from her. He said: O Asma', when a woman reaches the age of menstruation, it does not suit her that she displays her parts of body
except this and this, and he pointed to her face and hands.

But this hadeeth is WEAK because of 2 main weaknesses.
1.There is no link between Ayeshah (Radhiallaahu Ánha) and Khalid bin Dareek, who narrated the hadith from her. And in every chain of narrators
Khalid bin Dareek is mentioned.
2.In the chain of narrators Sa'eed bin Basheer appears, who is known by most of the Muhaditheen as being a weak narrator.
This has been mentioned by Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal (Rahimahullah), An-Nasai (Rahimahullah), Ibn Madeeni (Rahimahullah) and Ibn Ma'een (Rahimahullah).
This is also why Imaam Bukhari (Rahimahullah) and Muslim (Rahimahullah) did not except this hadeeth to be in their books
We also have to see that the Muhadith Abu Dawood when he quoted this hadeeth put with it that it is Mursal (with a broken chain that does not lead up to
the Sahabah).
(From The Book "Hijaab wa Safur" under the fatwaa of Shaikh Abdul Aziz Bin Bazz on Page #61. Also stated as being weak by Shaikh Nasiruddeen Al-Albaani
in his Daeef Sunan Abu Dawud in Kitab-ul-Libas under hadeeth number 4092 (which is the original hadeeth number.)
An other thing that shows the weakness of this hadith is that after the ayah for hijab (Surah Al-Ahzaab – Verse #59) was revealed then the women of
Sahaba wore a complete veil and covered the faces and hands. This includes Asmaa (Radhiallaahu Ánha) the daughter of Abu Bakr, who is supposed to have
narrated this hadeeth. Asmaa (Radhiallaahu Ánha) covered herself completely including the face, this has been narrated in authentic hadeeth in Imaam
Malik's "MUWATTA Book 20 Hadeeth # 20.5.16."

so above hadith is weak ,Allah knows best ,this may have happened before the revelation of hijab verses to all women.

Ayeshah (Radhiallaahu Ánha) Stated that in verse 30 and 31 of Surah An Noor "What has been allowed to be shown is the hands, bangles and rings but the
face must be covered. (Quoted in the book Purdah P# 195 and in his Tafseer of Qur'ân under the tafseer of Surah An Noor)

31:18-19 And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allâh likes not each arrogant boaster.
And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the voice (braying) of the ass.

Allah knows best.